17 Things To Know Before Travelling to Bihar, India
1. Destination Overview of Bihar:
Bihar is a state in the eastern part of India. It is bordered by Nepal to the north, West Bengal to the east, and Uttar Pradesh to the west. Bihar is known for its ancient Hindu and Buddhist monuments, including the world-famous Bodhi Tree, the Mahabodhi Temple and the Nalanda University ruins. It is also home to some of the most sacred sites in India, such as Gaya and Vaishali.
2. What are the best tourist places in Bihar?
• Visit the Mahabodhi Temple, where the Buddha is said to have achieved enlightenment.
• Explore the ancient ruins of Nalanda University, one of the world’s oldest universities.
• Take a pilgrimage to the holy city of Gaya, where pilgrims come to perform funeral rites.
• Explore the ancient city of Vaishali, where the Buddha gave his last sermon.
• Take a boat ride along the Ganges River to explore the holy cities of Bodhgaya and Sarnath.
• Visit the ancient Buddhist stupas at Rajgir, the ancient capital of Magadha.
• Enjoy a traditional Thali lunch at a local restaurant.
• Take a walk through the village of Deo, home to the ruins of a medieval Hindu temple.
3. Best Places To Stay in Bihar:
• Hotel Maurya Patna
• Hotel Patliputra Ashok
• Maurya Rajdhani
• Hotel Patliputra Exotica
• Hotel Surya International
• Hotel Nalanda Palace
• Hotel Patliputra Residency
• Hotel Rana
• Hotel Siddharth
4. How to Travel to Bihar?:
Bihar is well connected by air, rail and road. Patna is the state capital and the major airport, Patna Airport, is located here. There are also several domestic airports in Bihar, such as Gaya and Jamshedpur. The state is also well connected by rail with trains running on a regular basis from all major cities. Bihar State Road Transport Corporation also operates regular bus services to and from major cities in Bihar.
5. Must Try Local Food and Drink in Bihar:
• Litti Chokha: A traditional dish made of roasted wheat flour and sattu, served with mashed potatoes and chokha
• Bihari Kebab: Marinated minced meat cooked over charcoal, served with chutney
• Paratha: Flatbread made from wheat flour
• Bihari Laddoo: A sweet made from sattu and gur
• Sattu: Roasted and ground Bengal gram flour, often served as a refreshing drink in summer
• Tilkut: A popular sweet made from sesame seeds
• Thekua: A traditional sweet made from wheat flour and gur
• Samosa: A deep-fried snack filled with potatoes, onions and spices
6. Best Places to Eat in Bihar:
• Le Bistro, Patna
• Taste Of Bihar, Patna
• Litti Chokha, Patna
• Mangalam Bhojanalaya, Gaya
• Royal Cafe, Bodh Gaya
• Taste And Tastes, Nalanda
7. Weather and Climate:
Bihar has a subtropical climate with hot summers and cool winters. The best time to visit Bihar is between October and March, when the weather is pleasant and the temperature is moderate. Summers are hot and humid, with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 45°C. Winters are cooler, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C. Monsoon season is from June to September, with heavy rainfall.
8. Local Customs and Etiquette in Bihar:
Bihar is a conservative state and visitors should dress modestly and respect local customs and traditions. It is best to avoid public displays of affection. Tipping is not expected in Bihar, but it is appreciated for services rendered.
9. Popular Scams in Bihar:
• Pickpockets: Be aware of your belongings at all times and do not leave valuables unattended.
• Overcharging: Always agree on a price before taking a taxi or auto-rickshaw.
• Fake Tour Guides: Be aware of fake tour guides who may charge exorbitant amounts for their services.
10. Suggested Trip Duration:
A minimum of 5 days is recommended for a first-time traveller to explore the main attractions of Bihar.
11. Total Estimated Budget Per Person:
Stay: INR 2000-5000
Food: INR 1000-1500
Activities: INR 500-1000
Tickets: INR 500-1000
12. NearBy Cities:
• Patna – 105 km
• Rajgir – 100 km
• Vaishali – 60 km
• Bodh Gaya – 135 km
• Nalanda – 90 km
• Gaya – 130 km
13. Local Language and Communication in Bihar:
The official language of Bihar is Hindi and the local dialect is Bhojpuri. English is spoken in tourist areas, but it is best to learn some basic Hindi words and phrases for communicating with the locals. English speaking tour guides are available in many cities, but it is best to agree on the price before taking their services.
14. Accepted Currency and Money:
The Indian Rupee is the official currency of India and is accepted in Bihar. Credit and debit cards are accepted at most hotels and restaurants. ATMs are available in major cities and towns. Tipping is not expected, but it is appreciated for services rendered.
15. Health and Medical Information:
Travellers should check with their doctor to ensure they are up to date with all necessary vaccinations before travelling to Bihar. It is recommended to get vaccinated for hepatitis A, typhoid and rabies. The water in Bihar is not safe to drink and visitors should stick to bottled water only. Medical facilities are available in major cities, but quality may vary.
16. Packing Tips for Bihar:
• Lightweight clothing and shoes as the weather is usually hot.
• Sunscreen and mosquito repellent.
• A hat and sunglasses for protection from the sun.
• A first-aid kit with antiseptic cream, band-aids, and painkillers.
• An extra pair of glasses or contact lenses if you wear them.
• A power adapter for charging your electronics.
17. To sum up:
Bihar is a great destination to explore the ancient monuments and religious sites, experience local culture and cuisine, and enjoy the natural beauty of the Ganges River.